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2017年美国访问学者面试需要注意问题

  申请美国访问学者在电话面试之前,学校一般会事先用邮件和你确定时间,这时候你准备充分,但不要忽略中美之间的时差,准确计算好时间,即使教授迟到也要耐心等待。面试中的主要问题大多有关

  <1>研究兴趣(research interest)

  <2>研究背景(research background)

  <3>教学经验(teaching experience)

  <4>所学课程的名称(the names of your courses)

  <5>个人兴趣 (individual interests)等等。

  本文51访学网为大家整理了访问学者面试时问题注意,供大家参考。

  How to prepare telephone interview?

  把教授可能提的问题列出来,并写出答案,反复练习。可以找个老外请教,他可能会给你出谋划策,也帮你练练口语。多准备一些专业问题。一般申请RA,肯定会问一些专业问题,如要求的一些基础理论和基本技术,以及具体的技术。另外需准备一些向教授的提问,例如该学校的气候(climate),生活环境(living environment),学费(tuition)和奖学金的数量(the amount of scholarship)等等。总之准备一定要充分。

  How to conduct an interview?

  在面试之前,一定要放松,充满自信但要礼貌,记住,是他们想要你。并且一般interview之前offer差不多都决定了。如果在面试中你有一些问题不懂,可以用忘了词汇来解释。如:Question: What method you learn on optimization? Answer: NEWTON,and some others I do not know how to pronounce.

  在面试过程中不要机械地背诵你所准备的材料,只放在手边作为参考。说英语时尽量慢,你是中国学生,只要说清楚就行了,快了反而会弄巧成拙。当然如果你的英语极好就另当别论了。假如面试开始时你听不懂或听不清教授的问题,你可以问:Please speak loudly because my phoneline is not clear. 教授就会说得更大声、更慢。准备一些欢迎和感谢的客套话,但尽量显得不卑不亢。例如:I do appreciate that you give me such a good chance to talk to you. Thank you for your calling!

  当面试感觉不错时,千万不要忘记提醒他关于奖学金的事。例如:I do want to be your student. But you know, I cannot go without full financial aid.(要坚决表达出:如果你不给我全奖,我是不会去的。相反,如果你给我全奖,我会拒掉其他学校。)

  一般最后还会问一个问题,就是你现在拿到哪些学校的offer了。你的回答应该是说两三个比这个学校排名差一点点的学校(不要差太远),同时也要暗示对方有名校对你感兴趣(比如说也安排了一个几天后的interview)。这样,他会很快做出决定。

  1、刚接电话的时候,一定要反应迅速,不要过于紧张。对方说may I speak to xxx?的时候,你可以回答,yeah, it’s me. you must be professor xxx。然后一定要向对方问好,这样会给对方一个比较好的第一印象。

  2、电话面试结束时,一定要表示感谢,如thanks for calling。而且打完电话之后,还要发给对方一封email表示感谢。除了以上两点最基本的问题之外,还要注意以下几点。

  1. 养成良好的语言习惯 养成良好的语言习惯意味着在表达的时候不仅要不犯语法错误,表达流利,用词得当,言之有物,同样重要的还有说话方式,例如:发音清晰,语调得体,声音自然,音量适中等。说话时俚语不断,口头禅加篇,如病句、破句一样,都是语言修养不高的表现。

  2. 注意要发音清晰,语调得体发音清晰,咬字准确,对一般人来说不是十分困难。有些人由于发音器官的缺陷,个别音素发音不准,如果严重影响人们理解,或影响讲话整体质量的,应少用或不用含有这个音素的字或词。当然,如果有法矫正的应该努力矫正,不要采取取消的方法。古希腊演说家德摩斯梯尼口含鹅卵石练出一副伶俐口齿的故事,可能会使你得到一些启示。无论是哪一种语言对于各种句式都有语调规范。有些同样的句子,用不同的语调处理,可表达不同的感情,收到不同的效果。若有人说:“我刚丢了一份工作。”使用同样的反问句:“是吗?”作答,可以表达吃惊、烦恼、怀疑、嘲讽等各种意思。有研究说,使用上扬语调易对听者造成悬念,提高他的兴趣,但若持续时间过长会引起疲劳。而降调表现说话人果敢决断,有时显示他的主观武断。得体的语调应该是起伏而不夸张,自然而不做作。但富于感情变化的抑扬顿挫总比生冷平板的语调感人。

  3.声音自然,音量适中,语速适宜用真嗓门说话,音调不高不低,不失自我,不仅听来真切自然,而且有利于缓解紧张情绪。音量以保持听者能听清为宜。适当放低声音总比高嗓门顺耳有礼。喃喃低语是没有自信的表现,而嗓门大亮既骚扰环境,又有咄咄逼人之势。适宜的语速并不是从头到尾一成不变的速度和节奏。要根据内容的重要性,难易度,举的高低及对方注意力情况调节语速和节奏。说话节奏适宜地减缓比急迫的机关枪式的节奏更容易使人接受。

  除了上述三点,还要警惕一个很容易破坏语言意境的现象—在英语的表达中使用太多的“well”,“and”,“you know”,“OK”及故作姿态的“yeah”等,不仅有碍于人们的连贯理解,还容易引人生厌。

  1) What will you study in the United States?

  I will study Materials Science and Engineering in the university of Illinois at Urbana – Champaign.

  2) What is your major? In what aspect of your major will you study?

  My current major is Chemistry, and my present specific field of study is Material Chemistry, which is also a   branch of Materials Science. Material chemistry focuses on finding some new chemical synthesis methods and   the relationship between the methods and the property of the materials.

  what is your future specific major?

  Well, materials science has a lot of branches, I’m very interested in my current research area, and will     probably continue with it after I go to UIUC.

  3) What will you do in USA?

  I will study for my Ph.D. degree in Materials Science and engineering in the University of Illinois at Urbana   Champaign. It may take me 5 to 7 years, then I will come back to china.

  why will you finished you degree in five years?

  Usually, for Ph.D. of engineering in UIUC, it will take us 7 years to finish our study. But a schoolmate of mine who is now studying in UIUC told me that if we work hard enough, we can finished our courses and research project in five years.

  I hope I can finished my graduates study and get the degree in five years since I want to come back earlier to assist my father . he is not young and does need me to help him with his business as soon as possible.

  why will you want to finish you degree in five years?

  If I can finish my graduate study in five years, I will come back at a earlier time to carry on my father’s factory. anyway, my father is getting old, and he does need me to help him with his business as soon as possible.

  4) Are you going to study in USA?

  Yes. I will study for my Ph.D. degree in Material Science and Engineering in UIUC. I plan to finish my study in about 5-7 years and then come back to china.

  5) When/where did you get your BS/MS?

  I’ll get my Bachelor’s degree in Chemistry at the beginning of this July form Peking University.

  6) What/where are you studying now?

  I am studying for my bachelor’s degree in Chemistry in Peking University at present.

  7) How long will you study in USA?

  About 7years. If I work hard enough I can finished my study and get the degree in a shorter time.

  8) Do you have any scholarship/financial aid?

  Yes. The University of Illinois has offered me a position of research assistant. Besides the tuition waiver, I will get a monthly stipend of 1500 dollars during my graduate study.

  9) What do you want to study in USA?

  I want to study for my Ph.D. Degree in Materials Science and Engineering in the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. This program in UIUC ranks top 3 in the United States.

  Why transfer your major?

  Actually my present specific field of study is Material chemistry, it is also a branch of material science. (it is a interdisciplinary major between chemistry and material science) So my graduate major will be essentially the same as what I have studying now. would you like to my paper published on Chemistry of materials during my undergraduate research?

  10) What do you do with your work for BS?

  I have learned for more than 50 courses and carry on research work on my specific area.

  what do you do with your work for Ph.D.?

  In the first year, I will mainly take courses. Later I will join a research group that I am interested in to carry out research. I will try to finish my work and dissertation and get my degree in five years.

  11) What is your purpose for the visa?

  I need an F-1 visa in order to study for my Ph.D. degree in Materials Science and Engineering in UIUC.

  12) What is your academic background?

  I have been studied in the chemistry department of Peking University since 1997. I will get my bachelor’s degree in Chemistry at the beginning of July. My interested area of study is Material Chemistry, which is a branch of Material Science. I have been doing research in this field for more than one year and published some papers. so I have built up some background in materials science. What I am doing now is try to synthesis some nanoscale materials.

  13) How do you know this Univ.?

  I knew UIUC from many channels such as US news because it is very famous for its school of Engineering. It has a top 3 graduate program in Material science and Engineering in the United States.

  14) What are the specific reasons that you have chosen to pursue advanced study in this field?

  您选择在这个领域进修有什么特殊的理由?最好的答案包括申请人过去种种经历对于这个选择的影响。

  Give more details about particular items in the applicant’s resume or application materials. Give details about selection basis or criteria for any scholarships and/or awards that you have received. Explain in further detail about extra curricular activities or professional accomplishments.

  要求申请人对于履历表或申请书中特定的信息给予较多的细节。就您曾经获得的各项奖学金或得奖事迹,提供其甄选基准等细节。详述申请人曾参与的课外活动或专业成就。(如果上述任何问题能吸引学校评审委员的注意,他们即会要求您针对这些专案提供更多的信息。)

  还有很多,你自己看看吧

  其他典型面试题目

  1.What are your plan in 5 to 10 years?

  2.What is your TOEFL score?

  3.Do you apply any other school?

  4.Is your research project very difficult?

  5.If you are given an offer, can you come here this July?

  6.What’s you graduate research work?

  7.Why pursue Ph.D.?

  8.Please introduce yourself.

  9.Where are you from?

  10.What’s your major?

  11.Please tell me your working experience.

  12.What will you plan to do in the future?

  13.What’s your hobby? What do you do in your spare time?

  14.If we give you this offer, will you accept it?

  15.Why are you interested in *** University?

  16.Why are you going to USA not staying your homeland to study?

  17.Say something about your work, etc.

  18.Who is the great person in the world in your eyes?

  19.Do you have some question on me or on my institute?

  20.Do you have any special or excellent idea during your research experience?

  21.Did you use any English textbook in classes?

  22.Will you like to study in a small but with high quality university or a big university like Harvard or Princeton?

  23.Do you apply for other university or contact with other faculties in the university?

  24.How about your ability to be a teaching assistant?

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